Hungarian Geographical Bulletin

Hungarian Geographical Bulletin
ISSN 2064-5031, E-ISSN 2064-5147

2016. VOL. 65. No 1.

Article details
An analysis of the latest trends of the complex development of the Croatian-Hungarian border area
Tvrtko Josip ČELAN
65/1. 43-56. (2016)
This paper analyses the geographical feature of the Croatian-Hungarian cross-border area, focusing on recent changes and socio-economic trends of the last decade. In the paper current demographic, cross-border traffic and mobility trends are examined. Special attention is devoted to the spatial structure of the area and its key demographic indicators, modified during the last intercensal period between 2001 and 2011. Demographic data are analysed on the level of NUTS III units, as they provide the statistical basis for planning and they aredesignated as co-operation units in the joint bilateral cross-border operational programme financed by the EU. The transition that has taken place in the last years is observed in relation to the Croatian accession to the EU and to the full membership achieved in 2013. The Croatian-Hungarian cross-border co-operation has been intensified since 2007. More EU funds became available than before, which brought about the possibility for stronger cohesion in the area and, accordingly, it has triggered territorial transformations. The main goal of this research is to define whether changes having taken place in the border region since 2007 created a genuine transborder region. The assumption is that current development trends, although the most intensive in the last 100 years, are still not sufficient enough to mitigate the huge geographical handicap, the transport and language barriers and in general the strong periphery status of the border area in comparison to the capital cities Zagreb and Budapest.
peripherality, geographical handicap, regional policy, transport geography, EU cohesion policy, cross-border co-operation Croatian-Hungarian border area
Published online
2016. 04. 04.