Hungarian Geographical Bulletin

Hungarian Geographical Bulletin
ISSN 2064-5031, E-ISSN 2064-5147

2015. VOL. 64. No 1.

Article details
An application of a spatial simulated annealing sampling optimization algorithm to support digital soil mapping
Gábor SZATMÁRI - Károly BARTA - László PÁSZTOR
64/1. 35-48. (2015)
Spatial simulated annealing (SSA) was applied to optimize the sampling configuration for soil organic matter mapping through various sampling scenarios in a Hungarian study site. Prediction-error variance of regression kriging was applied as quality measure in the optimization procedures. Requisites of SSA come from a legacy soil dataset and from spatial auxiliary information. Four scenarios were set to represent the major capabilities of SSA. Scenario 1 and 2 represented completely new sampling designs to optimize with predefined constraints. In scenario 1, number of new observations was the constraint, whilst in scenario 2, it was the value of the quality measure. In both scenarios, areas inaccessible for sampling (roads, farms etc.) were also taken into account. Scenario 3 and 4 represented complementary sampling configurations to optimize taking the previously collected samples into consideration. In scenario 3, the constraint was the number of new observations, whilst in scenario 4, it was the value of the quality measure. In both cases, two types of previously collected sampling design were simulated, a regular and a clustered configuration. The resulted designs were evaluated by Kolmogorov-Smirnov test, nearest neighbour distribution function and empty space function. In cases of scenario 1 and 3, the results showed that, all of the optimized sampling configurations cover properly both geographic and feature space, respectively. In cases of scenario 2 and 4, the resulted calibration curves can be used to determine the sample size for a given quality measure value. Furthermore, we could determine the minimal sample size for a given scenario, which has to be collected to represent properly both geographic and feature space. In conclusion, SSA is a valuable tool to optimize the sampling design considering a lot of constraints.
spatial simulated annealing, sampling optimization, geostatistics, regression kriging prediction error variance, digital soil mapping
Published online
2015. 04. 20.